Quick Guide to IR: Graphics Interpretation on the GMAT

GI was one of the 4 new Integrated Reasoning question types launched in June 2012 in the Integrated Reasoning section. Graphics Interpretation questions will present you with a piece of data in the form of a graph, Venn diagram, etc and two “fill-in-the-blank” statements.

Integrated Reasoning (IR) will be scored on a scale of 1 to 8, in whole-number increments. IR scoring is based on the number of correct questions, and the questions will have multiple integrated parts. To receive credit for a question, you will have to answer each part correctly. There is no partial credit; you will not get extra points for getting part of a question right.

Check out some video explanations and practice questions on this Learnboard!


A Quick Guide to IR: Table Analysis on the GMAT

Analytical approaches to business problems─often required in finance, operations management, and other specialties─require facility with determining patterns in data.  With the table analysis question, we are able to see if a student is able to extract simple patterns through sorting, determining extreme values, and counting.”

-Michael Trick, Professor of Operations Research, Tepper School, Carnegie Mellon

Table Analysis questions will present a table with a drop-down menu that allows you to sort the information in four or more unique ways. Each question will have four two-option statements. You must answer all 4 correctly for credit. Table Analysis is one of four new Integrated Reasoning question-types that become part of the GMAT in June 2012.

Page 787 of the GMAC’s Official Guide to the GMAT provides the instructions for Table Analysis questions, as well as for the other three Integrated Reasoning question formats. These won’t change, so memorizing them now will save you some time on Test Day!

Table Analysis looks like Excel, so if you aren’t familiar with it, you may want to play around with the Microsoft Excel program. You won’t need to work with formulas or do complex calculations, but you will need to be able to sort the columns/rows.

Use the first screen to get an overall sense of the table, then extrapolate any trends. Variables are an important part of Table Analysis questions. You’ll need to effectively manage your time on the Integrated Reasoning section, so only spend so long on the graphs, tables, or paragraphs to identify just the main information, the variables and their relationships to each other, and don’t get bogged down with the confusing details.

Check out some video explanations from GMAC and a few Integrated Reasoning: Table Analysis practice problems on this Learnboard!

The Basics of GMAT’s Two-Part Analysis

The relatively new Two-Part Analysis is one of the 4 IR Q-types. A short paragraph is followed by answer choices presented in several columns and rows. Choose one column and one row as your solution.

Why did “two-part analysis” become part of the new section of the GMAT in 2012? In this question-type, you will be tested on how well you separate relevant information from other data. You must think clearly in the midst of complex information.

So how should you study? On p.784 of the latest edition of the GMAT Official Guide, there are 4 tested concepts described as possibly appearing in TPA questions: – mixtures – trade-offs – budgets – action steps towards a specific goal. This page also suggests a timing guideline of approx 2 minutes 30 seconds for this question-type.

Check out some Two-Part Analysis video lessons and sample questions on this Learnboard!