Try this challenging Critical Reasoning question from Kaplan LSAT!
Editorial: When legislators discovered that some public service is not being adequately provided, their most common response is to boost the funding for that public service. Because of this, the least efficiently run government bureaucracies are the ones that most commonly receive an increase in funds.
The statements in the editorial, if true, most strongly support which one of the following?
(A) The least efficiently run government bureaucracies are the bureaucracies that legislators most commonly discover to be failing to provide some public service adequately.
(B) When legislators discover that a public service is not being adequately provided, they never respond to the problem by reducing the funding of the government bureaucracy providing that service.
(C) Throughout the time a government bureaucracy is run inefficiently, legislators repeatedly boost the funding for the public service that this bureaucracy provides.
(D) If legislators boost funding for a public service, the government bureaucracy providing that service will commonly become less efficient as a result.
(E)The most inefficiently run government bureaucracy receives the most funding of any government bureaucracy.
Here’s how I’d analyze this passage (it’s okay if your notes are slightly different!):
CONCLUSION: Less efficient agencies get MORE funds.
EVIDENCE: Legislators give more $$ to public services that aren’t functioning.
ASSUMPTIONS: Public services are run by bureaucracies; bureaucracies are getting the funds directly.
QUESTION REPHRASE: What would SUPPORT the conclusion?
PREDICTION: Something showing continued inefficiency.
The correct answer is (A). It is the clearest restatement of the passage. Notice how (E) uses some pretty extreme language (“most”…”the most”…”of any”…). On that basis, it can be eliminated.